Types of Wood – Complete Guide to Wood


Western Red Cedar: Thuja Plicata

A very huge tree, obtainable in wide sheets and quite simple to work with. The wood has a lasting sweet fragrance that lingers long particularly when utilized indoors. Extremely tough and abundantly utilized for inner joinery. Particularly ideal for houses, because it can endure most weather conditions.

Alder: Alnus glutinosa

This timber is hardly used because it has a tendency of being exposed to air and as such isn’t used in furniture making.

Sugar Maple: Acer saccharum

This variety originates from Canada and, same as other maples, is exceptionally adaptable: from making furniture pieces, to making good letter squares for printing press, to fashioning tool handles as well as billiard cues. It doesn’t mature and stain as much as sycamore does and its grain is exceptionally wavy. View more samples of Maple Furniture.

Zebrano: Brachystegia fleuryana

It is frequently utilized as a point of interest in marquetry however it can loss its underlying shine if exposed to an excess of ultraviolet rays.

Brazilian Mahogany: Swietenia macrophylla

In spite of the fact that this species is, with confidence, the best mahogany obtainable from most of the exporting nations, we have a certified commitment to our surroundings and the world conservation ethics to make attempts to utilize mahoganies from different sources where preservation is an essential component.

Teak: Tectona grandis

This timber variety oozes from its spores, natural oil which aids it to survive adverse conditions. Exceptionally hard to de-grease when gluing is needed, it is still a delightful wood to work with (regardless of its calcium pockets and coarseness particles dulling tool edges).

Indian Laurel

This wood variety bears a degree of close resemblance to walnut. It has solid, straight grain in a strong structure, however in veneer structure it can be quite figured.

European Lime: Tilia vulgaris

Belonging to a class of many woods, yet ostensibly the best, to carve. The best carvings around the world are mostly done using lime, which is quite fun to work with. Sadly it is not ideal for furniture making.

Obeche: Triplochiton scleroxylon

It’s a dull straw-colored wood which is ideal for use as base to join with different woods.

English Elm: Ulmus procera

At the point when obtainable this sublime wood species has it all as far as size, strength, depth of magnificence and a superbly colorful figure is concerned. View samples of Elm Furniture.

Ramin: Gonystylus macrophyllum

Exceptionally exposed, bland grain wood specie which is hard to saw to a fresh finish. It is toxic and as such fragments must be pulled out of the skin quickly. It is ideal for window and door frames as well as for plywood production.

Lignum Vitae: Guaiacum officinale

A timber of exceptional weight that sinks in water. The timber possesses a slick composition which makes it hard to glue. It is ideal for creating bowling bowls or wooden bearings; however it is bad for making furniture pieces.

American Black Walnut: Juglans nigra

A delightful wood variety, better in the burr veneer structure than in the somewhat basic solid structure. Albeit pliable and simple to work with, it can turn out more boring than its European equivalent. Notwithstanding feel, be that as it may, it is an excellent wood for making furniture.

European Walnut: Juglans regi

If a timber is to be singled out as ‘best among equals’, then European walnut is it. With certainty, its simplicity of use, surface, color, shape and absolute depth of magnificence, together with solidity and its boundless scope of utilization, from making turning to furniture making, turn this specie into one that must be tested.

American whitewood: Liriodendron tulipifera

A minor choice for furniture making, however phenomenal as a decent solid sub-base, or in areas where painted furniture is needed. It is easily machined and is superb for fashioning jigs. It is sometimes mistaken as tulipwood poplar, while a few timber traders ‘dress it up’ by referring to it as tulipwood!

Wenge: Millettia laurentii

If it is planed, it transforms under ultra-violet light from straw colored to practically black. The pores are open but with decent grain filler it substitutes rosewood commendably. It is quite straight grained and lacks figure, though for little ranges, for example, turnings it has a superb grain feature.

Balsa Ochroma lagopus

A baffling wood species, it is the softest and lightest wood on the planet, but still referred to as hardwood! A radiant timber for model making and for furniture pieces needing resilience.

Olive: Olea hochstetteri

This thick wood specie is credited with an exceptionally stripy and potent grain, basically from Kenya. It is often utilized as a part of the generation of miniature ornamental things and burr olive is a genuine spectacle to behold.

Plane (Lacewood): Platanus acerifolia

It is part of a handful of wood species which, when their medullary beams are exposed in quartered boards, alters its name from plane to lacewood. This tree species is present in numerous urban areas and is recognized by its ever-peeling bark. A decent furniture wood, it possesses incredible intricacies.

English Cherry: Prunus avium

A very scarce timber to get. It is sometimes hard to plane and not experience breakout, particularly on the quartered boards, yet similarly it merits persistence as the wood grain can polish wonderfully. View samples of Cherry wood Furniture.

American Cherry: Prunus serotina

Outside the USA, it is scarce to acquire the most ideal quality because it is seldom exported.

Muninga: Pterocarpus angolensis

Not generally abundant but rather openly accessible in southern Africa. It is an exceptionally adaptable wood with the benefit of being impervious to rot.

Padauk: Pterocarpus dalbergiodes

Quite similar to muninga. It is hard to use because of its intertwined surface, yet in the event that you persist your prize will be a lovely rich, dark red timber with dark stripes all across the surface. Be careful as its color blurs when exposed to bright light.

American White Oak: Quercus alba

Most individuals view this oak as been satisfactory, because it is solid and strong, with great sectional length and sizes; however it’s inclined to having sapwood added into sawn sheets. It is, be that as it may, dull and should be viewed as an utilitarian oak as opposed to a character oak.

American Red Oak Quercus borealis/rubra:

It can be contended that although there is a more noteworthy depth of color to red oak, in contrast to white oak, its principle impediment (to a few) is that it can’t easily adsorb stain. A fundamentally identical timber in working qualities as opposed to those of white oak.

English Oak – Quercus robur:

The English oak is an individually grand tree, of the considerable number of oaks; it is the most exceptional for making furniture pieces. see some of Modern Oak Furniture

Parana Pine: Araucaria angustifolia

The benefit of this pine is the fact that it’s for the most part free of knot, usually stands over 70ft (21 m) tall. It is favored for indoor work where the red stripes are viewed as an element.

Cedar of Lebanon – Cedrus libani:

A popular name, as about three or four unique cedars of comparative attributes is in existence, this species is popular for its solid aroma, which dissuades moths, and is usually utilized as a drawer sideboard. It is quite light with minimal constructional quality, however favored for making little boxes and coffins.

Larch – Larix decidua:

An awesome timber specie for open air use, it grows to extraordinary heights as well as gives truly wide sheets.

Scots Pine – Pinus sylvestris:

In Western Europe, this tree species is favored in family furniture and structural supports in buildings.

Douglas Fir- Pseudotsuga taxifolio:

Quite an enormous tree, usually exceeding 280ft (85m) in height. For the most part having reddish color, the sectional sizes accessible are huge; accordingly its utilization is tremendous, from vast wooden structures to indoor uses. It is exceptionally durable as well as water resistant.

Yew – Taxus baccata:

Only a few trees surpass a 1000 years of existence. Yew has phenomenal flexibility features, thus its ancient use in making long bows and deluxe ‘Windsor chairs’. Its wastage content is quite high (about 40%) and its branches are used to produce lovely polish clams. The has toxic foliage which harms numerous creatures, including cattle.

Box Wood – Buxus sempervirens:

An exceptionally great wood favored by practically all furniture makers. It is very close grained, and has a pale straw-yellowish color, it available in little areas, but go ahead and purchase it. Indeed, even in little trim strips it is wonderfully hard and gives extraordinary protection to weak edges and corners.

Hornbeam – Carpinus betulus:

This is a wood specie with extraordinary building qualities as it is used to fashion wooden screws. weighty and quite solid, it is not easily obtained commercially. It’s most ideal use is for instrument parts, for example, plane stocks, and areas where shaped squares can be further worked on, like the leather trade.

Sweet Chestnut – Castanea sativa:

Often referred to as the ‘poor man’s oak’ in light of its likeness to flat sawn oak. Milder than oak however found in bigger segments. An attractive tree having a substantial crown; albeit only a couple of medullary beams are visible, this an exciting wood to work on. Its substantial tannic acidic substance easily stains fingers.

Iroko – Chlorophora excelsa:

A wood of pale to dark chestnut color, not at all like teak in looks. It is hard to machine in the absence of great extraction equipments due to its overpowering odor which aggravates the nasal entries.

Bubinga – Copaifera amoldiana:

This is a West African hardwood accessible in lacquer and strong structure. A genuinely thick wood which is reddish brown in color with dark flimsy lines providing an intriguing pattern, usually visible when utilized for plywood making. Now and then it is referred to as kevazingo.

Kingwood – Dalbergia cearensis:

An exceptionally spectacular timber sourced in Brazil which is hard to acquire except in little segments. It is regularly on sale by weight instead of cubic content. A thick wood which finishes greatly and is usually viewed as improvement in a wood furniture piece.

Tulipwood – Dalbergia oliveri:

Often mistaken as “poplar” by a few timber merchants. It isn’t, and it’s sourced from Myanmar (previously known as Burma). An extremely thick wood utilized and sold as a part of kingwood. In USA, the tulip tree is prone to be referred to as poplar-however of diverse appearance to this wood species.

Cocobolo – Dalbergia retusa:

A very hard to acquire specie, usually sold by weight, which is about 90 ib/ft3 (1440 kg/m3) would be ideal as the perfect doorstop except it is it quite costly. Excellent to turn, however prone to having interwoven twisting grain which makes it hard to plane.

Macassar Ebony – Diospyros macassar:

Rich and exquisite with dim brownish stripes on a dark environment. it can have a very strong figuring to the point that it can assume control from the general shape of little pieces. In tables or divider boards, it can be extremely audacious. ebony Furniture exhibition

Jelutonz – Dyera costulata:

At times referred to as “jelly” in business, this light yellow timber is incredible to finish on. Extremely solid however dull in appearance. An irritating part of this timber species is the dominance of worm openings joined with oval formed resin holes, which can appear all across the planed surface.

Sapele mahogany – Entandrophragma cylindricum:

Exceptionally striped which, because of the tree size, shows up in wide sheets. At the point when it is cut into veneered boards and viewed altogether it doesn’t seem attractive to the eyes. often used in making pianos and commercially made doors.

European Ash – Fraxinus excelsior:

A somewhat befuddling term, as it is likewise referred to as giant gum ash and peppermint ash wood. In Europe, it is called olive ash, matured after 30 years of growth at which time the white heart has become stripy olive. it is ideal for games merchandise, wheelwright’s work and wherever elasticity is needed. view samples of Ash Furniture.

Jarrah – Eucalyptus marginata:

Quite a reasonable section of Western Australia is constructed using jarrah wood; it is ideal for constructing bridges, ground surface, railroad sleepers and numerous aspects where its quality and suitability for open air use is favored. Utilized for interior cabinet making, it is reddish in color, though it usually does not have the character of excellent grain.

Mountain Ash – Eucalyptus Regnans:

Not exactly a genuine ash but rather an Australian eucalyptus, it can have various distinctive names – Australian oak, Tasmanian oak, white cinder, giant gum. grows real big in size, however is prone to oppose uniform drying and, because of its swift growing rate, it can be subject to contortion.

European beech – Fagus sylvatica:

A great wood to steam twist, the beech is famous for moving and contracting in the solid. This contraction is 400% more noteworthy than some other practically identical hardwood in Europe. Notwithstanding, it can be quite delightful to work with when dry, and carpentry tools are usually made using beech.

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